Conceptual Paper on Halal and Haram: Systems Level Approach


  • Rehan Muzamil Butt Institute of Business Management
  • Dr. Betania Kartika Muflih International Institute for Halal Research and Training
  • Dr. Muhammad Tahir Jan International Islamic University
  • Masood IoBM
  • Dr. Muhammad Abid Ali Bahria University




Islamic, as well as modern literature, on the issue of halal/haram (permissible and prohibited), primarily circulates around the product’s ingredient aspect, categorizing a particular object specifically into one of the mentioned dichotomist heads. On contrary to the usual individualistic consumer/product-centric approach, this paper discusses several macros, systems-level models, which follow the top-bottom approach.


A discourse, through conceptual framework analysis, this paper discusses the concept of halal and haram, to understand the nature and antecedents to the concepts as narrated in the revealed texts of Quran and Hadith. 


It is proposed that although the terms of halal and haram are elaborated extensively in literature, there are several gaps in the understanding of the concept at the systems level. Therefore, this paper presents a comprehensive understanding through conceptual framework of halal/haram using the conceptual analysis method, which grounds into Islamic literature to trace the phenomenon’s major concepts and dimensions at various systems levels, such as society and environment.


The research would enrich the understanding of how the Creator has created filters to provide the believers the best to consume and balances the cosmic systems through commandments to individuals, compliances to which supplement and support the Islamic lifestyle and Islamic social structure and sustained global development.


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2021-06-30 — Updated on 2021-07-03


How to Cite

Rehan Muzamil Butt, Dr. Betania Kartika Muflih, Dr. Muhammad Tahir Jan, Masood, & Dr. Muhammad Abid Ali. (2021). Conceptual Paper on Halal and Haram: Systems Level Approach. Reviews of Management Sciences, 3(1), 11–22. (Original work published June 30, 2021)

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